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International Journal of History

2023, Vol. 5, Issue 2, Part A

Adurbadagan and Arran (Caucasian Albania) in the Late Sasanian Period


Author(s): Mahir Khalifa-zadeh

Abstract: The article considers the Sasanian King Khusraw I Anushirwan (Pahlavi: Xusrō I AnōšÄ«rvān) reforms to improve the empire’s military and administrative architecture during the wars with Byzantium and the Turks. The author discusses the establishment of the region or kust-Ä« Ä€durbādagān, which allowed the nomination of Arrān’s general. The author believes that it was a key element in the Sassanian strategy to enforce both central and military power in the defense sensitive Caucasia challenged by the Byzantium and nomads. The reforms pulled Arrān (Albania) to be closer to the Sasanian crown, enforcing the dynastic ties between Sasanian shāhanshāh and Arrānshāh. These reforms facilitated the incorporation of Arranian (Albanian) troops into the Sasanian Army under Ä€durbādagān’s general command to shield Ä’rānšahr from the Khazar’s and Turk’s incursions. The author argues that the reform initiated the projecting of Ä€durbādagān’s name, military, and administrative functions in Arrān forming a strong interrelationship between the southern and northern sides of the Araxes as the entire Ä€durbādagān šahr. Since Late Antiquity, Ä€durbādagān and Arrān became interchangeable names and were in use on the northern bank of the Araxes.

DOI: 10.22271/27069109.2023.v5.i2a.220

Pages: 15-18 | Views: 687 | Downloads: 240

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How to cite this article:
Mahir Khalifa-zadeh. Adurbadagan and Arran (Caucasian Albania) in the Late Sasanian Period. Int J Hist 2023;5(2):15-18. DOI: 10.22271/27069109.2023.v5.i2a.220
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