To evaluate the socio-economic and political conditions of Kashmir under Sikh RuleAuthor(s):
Riyaz Ahmad Parah and Dr. Sunita MalviyaAbstract:
Kashmir, described by Mughal ruler Jahangir as a "heaven on earth," has been a magnet for conquerors from ancient times. The valley remained under Sikh control (1819-1846). Tibet, Kashgar, and Ladakh were in the east, Punjab was in the north, Badakshan and Khorasan were in the south, and Afghanistan was in the west. The Sikh takeover of the Valley changed the bridle of reigns from Kabul to Lahore, which had a negative impact on the people's fates. During this time, the Valley was ruled by Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his successors. According to the reports, even though they controlled within the current administrative structure, the people endured anguish and sorrow. The peasants abandoned the land uncultivated, beggar (forced labour) rose, revenue exactions escalated, commerce fell, industry failed, and the Valley's economic resources were depleted. The inhabitants (peasants, traders, craftsmen, etc.) were subjected to extortion, the imposition of excessive taxes, and the tyranny of the revenue authorities. The Valley appeared to be desolate.Pages: 120-126 | Views: 106 | Downloads: 31Download Full Article: Click Here
How to cite this article:
Riyaz Ahmad Parah, Dr. Sunita Malviya. To evaluate the socio-economic and political conditions of Kashmir under Sikh Rule. Int J Hist 2021;3(2):120-126.