Georgian kings on the political stage of the 16th century and the "Eastern Politics" of Spanish monarchy
Author(s): Tea Khomasuridze
Abstract: The present paper is an analytical study of the relationship between the 16th century Mediterranean main political forces, the Spanish Universal Monarchy, and the Ottoman Empire. Luis José Velázquez de Velasco (1722-1772), Marquis of Valdeflores and a well-known Spanish historian of the 18th century, was the first to call the Spanish literature of the 16th century a "Golden Age" in the common sense of the epoch. He divided the historiography of the development of the Castilian language into four parts. The reign of Carlos V and Felipe II had been placed in the third part, and was presented as the Golden Age of the Spanish language. Later this term went beyond literary periodization and, in general, by other authors it became the words that meant the global strength of the Spanish Empire. With the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans in 1453, a new Muslim shadow emerged in Europe from the east. The paper focuses on the ideological, military-strategic, economic, and cultural aspects of relations between the Spanish Habsburg dynasty and the Ottoman Empire. The historical framework is defined by the periodization of the reigns of Charles V and Felipe II. The aim of the research is to separate the contexts of "Mediterranism", "Atlanticism" and "Globalization" in the 16th century and to study them thoroughly.