Abstract: Paintings form a very important part of our cultural heritage. They are a primary source of information for historians and archaeologists and reveal about the differences in the lives of the people as we move across the region and the time. The aim of this paper is to study the different types of paintings that existed in the Indian subcontinent across different time periods by quoting examples from famous temples, monuments, caves, etc. which are now places of tourist importance owing to the rich and artistic historical backdrop. In doing so, we will also study the common as well as different themes across these paintings and would appreciate the techniques with which these paintings were made that had beaten the test of time.