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International Journal of History

2019, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Part A

Environmental factors contribute to the decline of Indus valley civilization

Author(s): Dr. Sanjeev Kumar

Abstract: The mysterious fall of the largest of the world’s earliest urban civilizations nearly 4,000 years ago in what is now India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh now appears to have a key culprit- Ancient Environmental change. The ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia may be the best known of the first great urban cultures, but the largest was the Indus Valley Civilization. The environmental variation has often been cited as a determining factor in cultural changes in the context of the Indus Valley Civilization of Indian sub-continent, 2500–1900 BC. While these claims have been critiqued by archaeologists they continue to be accepted by non-archaeologists, including scientists. The purpose of this paper is to assess the available evidence and published arguments and to provide a constructive working synthesis of evidence for the pre-historic environmental setting of Indian sub- continent for the mid- to late last 10,000 years. The most of evidence suggests that there was no sudden fall, rather a combination of environmental factors was the most likely reason for decline. We conclude that Indus Valley civilization decline the most important factors contribute of environmental degradation.

Pages: 48-55 | Views: 2034 | Downloads: 1644

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Sanjeev Kumar. Environmental factors contribute to the decline of Indus valley civilization. Int J Hist 2019;1(1):48-55.
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