International Journal of History
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International Journal of History

2021, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Part B

The crimes of the irregular military detachment commanded by first lieutenant Iván Héjjas in the Danube–Tisza Interfluve during the wave of paramilitary violence in Hungary called the ‘White Terror’ in 1919–1921, and extracts from the afterlife of a radical paramilitary commander


Author(s): Balázs Kántás

Abstract: In 1919–1920s, paramilitary violence was an almost natural phenomenon in Hungary, like in many other countries of Central Europe. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire the new right-wing government, establishing its power with the help of the Entente powers, could difficulty rule the quasi anarchistic conditions. In 1919–1921, Hungary was terrorized by irregular military formations that were formally part of the National Army, and radical right-wing soldiers committed serious crimes frequently by anti-Semitic motivations. One of the most notorious military detachment was organised by young first lieutenant of the Air Force Iván Héjjas, who, with the help of his armed militiamen, abusing the anarchistic conditions due to civil war, build up his own quasi private state in the town of Kecskemét and in its neighbourhood, the Great Hungarian Plain. His rule lasted for two years, his subordinates murdered and/or robbed hundreds of people, mainly of Jewish origin, but later they were given amnesty. Héjjas later became an influential radical right-wing politician of the Hungarian political scene in the period between the two world wars. The present research article makes an attempt to reconstruct the wave of paramilitary violence of Iván Héjjas’s detachment, and also examines of the further life of a used-to-be radical right-wing paramilitary commander and politician.

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How to cite this article:
Balázs Kántás. The crimes of the irregular military detachment commanded by first lieutenant Iván Héjjas in the Danube–Tisza Interfluve during the wave of paramilitary violence in Hungary called the ‘White Terror’ in 1919–1921, and extracts from the afterlife of a radical paramilitary commander. Int J Hist 2021;3(2):90-95.
International Journal of History