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International Journal of History

2021, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Part B

Gandhiji launched non cooperation movement aftermath of Jallianwala Bagh massacre

Author(s): Dr. Sanjeev Kumar

Abstract: The massacre at Jallianwala Bagh was a moment in history, a turning point in India’s struggle for independence. It was a crime that stunned the nation by the scale of its brutality; it showed the true face of the Raj to those who still had faith in the ‘Mai-Baap’ government. Gandhi called off the Satyagraha against the Rowlett Acts, but a year later, came back with the biggest mass movement yet seen against government. The die was cast and the national movement moved into a different trajectory thereon, acquiring with time an unstoppable momentum. In 1917 and 1918, Gandhi led Movements in Champaran, Ahmadabad and Kheda related to economic demands of peasants and industrial workers in those specific areas. The success of these movements earned him significant goodwill and a valuable knowledge of Indian situations and, in February 1919, he felt confident enough to call for a nationwide agitation the Rowlett Bill, which aimed to severely curtail the civil liberties of Indians. Gandhiji formed a Satyagraha Sabha, and called for a nationwide hartal, fasting and prayers, accompanied by civil disobedience from April 6th, 1919. On April 13th, 1919, which was Baisakhi, a large crowed of people from Amritsar and neighboring areas gathered at Jallianwala Bagh for a public meeting in defiance of orders banning public assemblies. A furious Genera Dyer, as he has come to be called, ordered his troops to fire into the innocent, unarmed crowed, without even issuing a warning. The article focused on Gandhi’s launched a mass movement after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre incident. This whitewashing of the egregious behaviour of the Punjab Government put an enormous strain on Gandhi’s one fervent faith in British Justice. He now decided that the only way to make the rulers see reason was to launch a fresh movement of protest. He outlined in print a programme of “Non-Cooperation Movement”.

Pages: 72-75 | Views: 1087 | Downloads: 787

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How to cite this article:
Dr. Sanjeev Kumar. Gandhiji launched non cooperation movement aftermath of Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Int J Hist 2021;3(1):72-75.
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