International Journal of History
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International Journal of History

2020, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Part A

Socio-economic status of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in Andhra Pradesh


Author(s): Banka Gangadhara Rao and Dr. KVN Raju

Abstract: The origin caste system is in the Varnashrama dharma the division of society into four Varna’s (four caste) viz., Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra. It was believed and preached that for the prosperity of the world the creator created the four varnas. The creator created these varnas from different parts of his body i.e., the brahmin was born from his mouth; the kshatriya from his arms; the Vaishya from his thighs and the Sudra from his feet. He created Brahmins with gayatri (metre); the kshatriya with Trishtubh; the Vaishya with Jagathi and the Sudras without any metre. The first three varnas are twice born (Dwiji), the first birth being from the mother and the second from the investiture with the sacred gridle. In the second birth Savitri is the mother and teacher is the father because he gives instruction in the Vedas, therefore the first three Varnas are born twice while the Sudra is born only once among the brahmin the kshatriya, the Vaishya and the Sudra varnas, each preceding varna (caste) is superior by birth to the one following. It is popularly held that in the beginning there were only three varnas and the fourth varna of the Sudra is an outcome of the fight between brahmins and kshatriyas for the supremacy in the varna (caste) hierarchy.

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How to cite this article:
Banka Gangadhara Rao, Dr. KVN Raju. Socio-economic status of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in Andhra Pradesh. Int J Hist 2020;2(1):01-04.
International Journal of History